Naphtha (Light and Heavy)

The word “Naphtha” comes from Greek and is derived from the Persian word “Naft” (crude oil). Typically, Naphtha is categorized based on its boiling range as either:

Light Naphtha, Used as petrochemical feedstock, C5 isomerization feedstock, or directly as a gasoline blend stock. Heavy Naphtha, Feedstock to the reformer to make reformate for Gasoline blending.


Light Naphtha contains mostly C5 and C6 hydrocarbons. Also known as, light straight run Naphtha, LSR, Natural Gasoline, Light Paraffinic Naphtha, Pentanes Plus. It is composed of Pentane and slightly heavier material. Light Naphtha comes from the distillation of crude oil or from the separation of NGLs in an NGL fractionation plant. Light Naphtha boils at between 35°C and 130°C and has a higher Paraffin content than heavy Naphtha, which boils between 130°C and 210°C and contains a lot of Naphthenes and Aromatics. Compared to heavy Naphtha, which is often further refined, light Naphtha is the least processed product of a refinery. Refiners can adjust the cut points of heavy Naphtha to shift volume into light Naphtha and/or Kerosene and to reduce the volume going to the reformer. Shifting the heavier end of the heavy Naphtha into Kerosene allows a refiner to increase Kerosene and diesel yield but at the cost of lowering the flashpoint of the Kerosene.


We deliver FOB/CFR/CPT (Incoterms 2020) by vessels, road tankers, Isotanks, etc.